How to Diabetes Managed?

Diabetes is managed by keeping blood sugar under control and as close to normal as possible. For most people with diabetes, a healthy range is between 90 and 130 mg/dl before meals and less than 180 mg/dl at one to two hours after a meal. This is the key to avoiding complications and discomfort. Here are some ways to manage diabetes: Exercise. Work up to at least 30 minutes a day, most days of the week. Regular physical activity helps to manage diabetes. People with diabetes should talk to their doctor or health care provider before starting any exercise plan. Some good ways to get exercise are to:

  • Take a brisk walk (outside or inside on a treadmill)
  • Go dancing
  • Take a low-impact aerobics class
  • Swim or do water aerobic exercises
  • Ice-skate or roller-skate
  • Play tennis
  • Ride a stationary bicycle indoors

Diabetic retinopathy

Glaucoma is a group of diseases that damage the eye's optic nerve and can result in vision loss and blindness. A person with diabetes is 40% more likely to get glaucoma as other adults. About 7% of New Yorkers aged 40 years and older with diabetes have glaucoma.

Glaucoma

Cataract

A cataract is the clouding of the eye's lens that causes vision problems. A person with diabetes is 60% more likely to develop cataracts. About 30% of New Yorkers aged 40 years and older with diabetes either currently have cataracts or have had them removed. Cataracts also develop at an earlier age in people with diabetes.