Consequences of High Blood Sugar

  • Short-term complications of high blood sugar can affect daily life and may include fatigue, inability to concentrate and blurred vision. In severe cases, ketoacidosis (diabetic coma) can occur and requires emergency treatment
  • Long-term consequences of untreated diabetes can have devastating health effects and include:
    • Heart diseaseHeart disease and stroke are the number one cause of death and disability in people with type 2 diabetes
    • Kidney diseaseDiabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure
    • Nerve and blood vessel damageAbout half of all people with diabetes have some form of nerve damage
    • BlindnessPeople with diabetes are at an increased risk for eye complications that can lead to blindness
    • Gum diseasePeople with diabetes – especially those with poor blood sugar control – are at a higher risk for gum problems